Install Node-RED on Raspberry Pi (works on RPI OS 64-bit)

This is a quick guide showing how to install Node-RED on a Raspberry Pi. We tested this installation on Raspberry Pi OS (32-bit) and Raspberry Pi OS (64-bit).

Install Node-RED on Raspberry Pi works on RPI OS 64-bit

Prerequisites

Before proceeding:

Installing Node-RED on Raspberry Pi

Having an SSH connection established with your Raspberry Pi, enter the following to install Node-RED:

bash <(curl -sL https://raw.githubusercontent.com/node-red/linux-installers/master/deb/update-nodejs-and-nodered)

Node-RED is installed by default on the Raspberry Pi OS (32-bit). However, it is recommended to run the previous command to install the required packages and update it to the most recent version. You’ll get a message informing you about this. Press Y and press Enter to accept.

Node-RED is not installed by default on Raspberry Pi OS (64-bit).

Then, you’ll be asked: “Would you like to install Pi-specific nodes?” Press Y and Enter.

It will take a few minutes to install Node-RED. In the end, you should get a similar message on the Terminal window:

Installing Node-RED on Raspberry Pi

Configure Node-RED Settings

After installing, it is recommended to configure initial options and settings. Run the following command:

node-red admin init
Configure Node-RED Settings
  • Press Enter to create a Node-RED Settings file on /home/pi/.node-red/settings.js
  • Do you want to set up user security? Yes.
  • Enter a username and press Enter (you need to remember it later).
  • Enter a password and press Enter (you need to remember it later).
  • Then, you need to define user permissions. We’ll set full access, make sure the full access option is highlighted in blue and press Enter.
  • You can add other users with different permissions if you want. We’ll just create one user for now. You can always add other users later.
  • Do you want to enable the Projects feature? No.
  • Enter a name for your flows file. Press Enter to select the default name flows.json.
  • Provide a passphrase to encrypt your credentials file. Learn more about what is a passphrase.
  • Select a theme for the editor. Simply press Enter to select default.
  • Press Enter again to select the default text editor.
  • Allow Function nodes to load external modules? Yes.

Node-RED configuration was successful. All settings are saved on settings.js.

Start Node-RED

Run the following command to start Node-RED:

node-red-start

You should get a similar message on the Terminal:

Node-RED start Terminal Window

Access Node-RED

Node-RED runs on port 1880. To access Node-RED open a browser and type the Raspberry Pi IP address followed by :1880. For example:

192.164.1.106:1880

You’ll get access to the Node-RED login page. Login with the username and password you’ve set previously.

Node-RED Login Page

Now, you have access to Node-RED. You can start building your flows.

Node-RED Welcome Screen

Autostart Node-RED on boot

To automatically run Node-RED when the Pi boots up, you need to enter the following command. This means that as long as your Raspberry Pi is powered up, Node-RED will be running.

sudo systemctl enable nodered.service

Now, restart your Pi so the autostart takes effect. The next time the Raspberry Pi restarts, Node-RED will be already running.

sudo reboot

If, later on, you want to disable autostart on boot, you can run:

sudo systemctl disable nodered.service

For more information about the installation process, check the official documentation.

Wrapping Up

Congratulations! You successfully installed Node-RED on your Raspberry Pi. Now, you can start building your Home Automation System. Using MQTT with Node-RED is a great option to gather data from several sensor nodes and send commands to actuators. You can also resend your sensor data to InfluxDB and have a history of your data saved on a database.

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Thanks for reading!



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3 thoughts on “Install Node-RED on Raspberry Pi (works on RPI OS 64-bit)”

  1. Probably a great article but… what is Node-RED and why we need it (or not). I don’t think mentioning some usefulness of it at the end is the right way. I got it, you have to keep it short and to the point on how to install it. In this case a link to external source would be more than enough.

    Reply

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