ESP32 Built-In Hall Effect Sensor with Arduino IDE and MicroPython

The ESP32 development board features a built-in hall effect sensor that detects changes in the magnetic field in its surroundings. This tutorial shows how to use the ESP32 hall effect sensor with Arduino IDE and MicroPython.

ESP32 Built-In Hall Effect Sensor with Arduino IDE and MicroPython

Watch the Video Tutorial

You can watch the video tutorial or keep reading this page for the written instructions to learn about the ESP32 hall effect sensor. This video covers how to use the hall effect sensor with Arduino IDE. Scroll down to learn how to use it with MicroPython firmware.

The ESP32 Hall Effect Sensor

The ESP32 board features a built-in hall effect sensor located behind the metal lid of the ESP32 chip as shown in the following figure.

The ESP32 Hall Effect Sensor

A hall effect sensor can detect variations in the magnetic field in its surroundings. The greater the magnetic field, the greater the sensor’s output voltage.

ESP32 Hall Effect Sensor Effect

The hall effect sensor can be combined with a threshold detection to act as a switch, for example. Additionally, hall effect sensors are mainly used to:

  • Detect proximity;
  • Calculate positioning;
  • Count the number of revolutions of a wheel;
  • Detect a door closing;
  • And much more.

Read Hall Effect Sensor – Arduino IDE

Reading the hall effect sensor measurements with the ESP32 using the Arduino IDE is as simple as using the hallRead() function.

In your Arduino IDE, go to File > Examples > ESP32 > HallSensor sketch:

// Simple sketch to access the internal hall effect detector on the esp32.
// values can be quite low. 
// Brian Degger / @sctv  

int val = 0;

void setup() {
  Serial.begin(9600);
}

// put your main code here, to run repeatedly
void loop() {
  // read hall effect sensor value
  val = hallRead();
  // print the results to the serial monitor
  Serial.println(val); 
  delay(1000);
}

View raw code

This example simply reads the hall sensor measurements and displays them on the Serial monitor.

val = hallRead();
Serial.println(val);

Add a delay of one second in the loop, so that you can actually read the values.

delay(1000);

Upload the code to your ESP32 board:

Compile and Upload Code to ESP32 using Arduino IDE

Demonstration

Once the upload is finished, open the Serial Monitor at a baud rate of 9600. Approximate a magnet to the ESP32 hall sensor and see the values increasing…

ESP32 Hall Effect Sensor Readings Arduino IDE serial monitor

Or decreasing depending on the magnet pole that is facing the sensor:

The closer the magnet is to the sensor, the greater the absolute values are.

ESP32 Hall Effect Sensor Readings Arduino IDE serial monitor

Read Hall Effect Sensor – MicroPython

To read the ESP32 hall effect sensor using MicroPython, you just need to use the following snippet of code:

import esp32
esp32.hall_sensor()

You need to import the esp32 module. Then, use the hall_sensor() method.

If you want to print the readings on the shell, you just need to use the print() function:

print(esp32.hall_sensor())

If you’re just getting started with MicroPython, you can read the following tutorial:

Wrapping Up

Throughout this tutorial you’ve learned that:

  • The ESP32 features a built-in hall effect sensor
  • The hall effect sensor can detect magnetic field changes in its surroundings
  • The measurements from the sensor can increase or become negative depending on the magnet pole facing the sensor.

We hope you’ve found this tutorial useful. For more projects with the ESP32 you can check our project’s compilation: 20+ ESP32 Projects and Tutorials.

This tutorial is a preview of the “Learn ESP32 with Arduino IDE” course. If you like this project, make sure you take a look at the ESP32 course page where we cover this and a lot more topics with the ESP32.

Updated August 29, 2019


Learn how to program and build projects with the ESP32 and ESP8266 using MicroPython firmware DOWNLOAD »

Learn how to program and build projects with the ESP32 and ESP8266 using MicroPython firmware DOWNLOAD »


Enjoyed this project? Stay updated by subscribing our weekly newsletter!

1 thought on “ESP32 Built-In Hall Effect Sensor with Arduino IDE and MicroPython”

  1. Good to know. Thanks.
    Though practical applications might be a bit hampered by the sensor being built in, I can definitely use this as the magnet can come close to the ESP.
    Great

Leave a Comment

Download our Free eBooks and Resources

Get instant access to our FREE eBooks, Resources, and Exclusive Electronics Projects by entering your email address below.